Practical guide for amicus curiae interventions in freedom of expression cases

30 January 2023

A new UNESCO guide provides practical information and guidance to civil society organizations and lawyers who consider intervening in freedom of expression cases before national or international courts as amicus curiae or third party interveners.

Legal proceedings related to freedom of expression cases can oftentimes present a unique opportunity for specialized organizations to advance international human rights standards related to the interpretation and enforcement of this fundamental human right. On that basis, national and international courts have witnessed an increase in the number of amicus curiae interventions meaning, the intervention of a person or organization who participates in a legal proceeding to provide an external perspective on the case at hand submitted by civil society organizations with the goal of bringing relevant information or legal trends that have not been highlighted by the parties to the attention of these courts.

Amicus curiae interventions can play a key role in the setting of lasting legal precedents for the protection and promotion of free, independent and pluralistic media ecosystems. They can also draw the attention of the wider public to a case where the right to freedom of expression or the safety of journalists is at stake, and serve as important advocacy and educational tool for judges, lawyers, and society at large.

However, there are a number of considerations that any organization wishing to take part in a relevant case via amicus curiae interventions should take into account before embarking into the amicus curiae process. Poorly led interventions can negatively affect the outcome of ongoing legal proceedings, cause unnecessary delays in the litigation, or politicize further an already politically sensitive case.

The UNESCO Guide for Amicus Curiae Interventions on Freedom of Expression Cases seeks to equip civil society organizations with the basic tools to file effective amicus curiae interventions and encourage them to intervene in cases where freedom of expression standards can be advanced or where the right to freedom of expression or the safety of journalists is at stake. The Guide provides practical information on how to file amicus curiae briefs and sets out strategic considerations as well as dos and donts with the goal of helping organizations write the most impactful brief possible.

The Guide was authored by Peter Noorlander, an independent consultant in human rights and media law & policy, founding Legal Director and former CEO of Media Defence, and Senior Legal Officer at ARTICLE 19.

The publication of this guide was made with the support of Media Defence, an international human rights organization which provides legal help to journalists and independent media across the world who are under threat for their reporting.


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